IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 28

Quantum Computing
at a Glance
A clear divide exists between quantum-safe cryptography and quantum computing. To
learn more and get a clear understanding of quantum computing from a broader
perspective, IBM Systems magazine sat down with Christopher Schnabel, director of IBM Q
offering management.
IBM Systems magazine (ISM): In
terms of quantum computing, what
do you highlight when it comes to
explaining the concept to someone
who's unfamiliar?
Christopher Schnabel (CS): With
quantum, four different technologies are at play. It breaks down into
quantum sensing, quantum networking and quantum computing,
and quantum-safe cryptography is
the nonquantum cousin.
While they may be used together in future solutions, it's easiest
to treat them separately.
You can use quantum
mechanics for quantum sensing, for
example, identifying small perturbations in gravity
using a qubit. You
can use quantum mechanics
for networking (i.e.,
Quantum Key Distribution that allows you to
send information in a secure way).
Quantum-safe cryptography is not
quantum at all, as it's a classical
response to quantum computers
being able to decrypt certain current cryptography.
It's also important to note that
you don't need to know quantum
mechanics to learn or apply quantum computing. The real basis is
linear algebra and applied mathematics. If you're good at it, you can

take more steps to figure out quantum computing.
ISM: What are some challenges that
quantum computing faces today?
CS: The main challenges are
building the quantum systems
themselves, as well as understanding how to use them. Many
algorithms are based on a universal quantum computer with "perfect qubits that are error free."
These types of quantum computers don't yet exist, though a num-

making demonstrations of quantum
advantage, where we can do something that a classical computer can't
that has practical business value.
ISM: How can we make quantum
more broadly usable or accessible?
CS: IBM has had open access quantum computers online for anybody
to use for exploring quantum computing. With the broader research
community, we've also built the
open-source project Qiskit (qiskit.
org), which is the most widely used

"Having access to this real quantum
hardware is critical. You can't just do
everything on quantum simulators, as
you won't be forced to confront their
limitations unless you use hardware."
-Christopher Schnabel, director, IBM Q offering management
ber of systems-for instance, the
ones available on the IBM Quantum Experience (ibm.co/2T7mCld)-allow users to explore the use
of quantum algorithms that are
able to work in today's quantum
systems.
IBM is working closely with
enterprises to explore algorithms,
map strategically relevant business
problems (ibm.co/2uqnZ4g) to
them and progress toward actually

open-source project for writing code
for quantum computers.
IBM has taken these steps to
make the resources available, as
we fundamentally believe that we
need to invest in the communities
that are passionate about quantum. Otherwise, we won't be able
to take advantage of systems we're
making available.
Having access to this real quantum hardware is critical. You can't

28 | MARCH/APRIL 2020 IBMSYSTEMSMAG.COM

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http://qiskit.org http://qiskit.org http://ibm.co/2T7mCld http://ibm.co/2T7mCld http://ibm.co/2uqnZ4g http://www.IBMSYSTEMSMAG.COM

IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020

Table of Contents
Editor's Desk: Securing a data-driven world
Currents: Learn how to provide customers with data privacy and security at Think 2020
Currents: On the web
Currents: Closing the COBOL programming skills gap
Currents: Hyundai and Uber announce aerial ride-hailing partnership
Partner POV: 3 requirements for enterprise-level digital transformation
Cover Story: Dynamic Data Protection: IBM Data Privacy Passports gives IBM Z users data privacy control, no matter where it is or where it's going
Feature 1: Sealing up Privacy: Continuous IBM Z innovations offer a roadmap designed to stay ahead of clients' changing security needs
Feature 2: Unlocking Quantum Security: Quantum-safe cryptography is key to protecting data as quantum computing systems evolve
TECH Showcase: Collaboration, communication and cooperation are crucial for developing a successful data management strategy
Techbits: z/OS data migration: Helping clients avoid risk and downtime
Techbits: Ask the expert: What is Fibre Channel over IP?
Beyond the Box: Homer Ahr reflects on working mission control for the NASA Apollo space program
Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Power Systems
2020 IBM Z Solutions Directory
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Intro
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Cover1
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Cover2
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 1
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 2
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 3
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Table of Contents
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 5
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Editor's Desk: Securing a data-driven world
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 7
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Currents: Learn how to provide customers with data privacy and security at Think 2020
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Currents: On the web
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Currents: Closing the COBOL programming skills gap
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Currents: Hyundai and Uber announce aerial ride-hailing partnership
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Partner POV: 3 requirements for enterprise-level digital transformation
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 13
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Cover Story: Dynamic Data Protection: IBM Data Privacy Passports gives IBM Z users data privacy control, no matter where it is or where it's going
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 15
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 16
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 17
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 18
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 19
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 20
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Feature 1: Sealing up Privacy: Continuous IBM Z innovations offer a roadmap designed to stay ahead of clients' changing security needs
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 22
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 23
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Feature 2: Unlocking Quantum Security: Quantum-safe cryptography is key to protecting data as quantum computing systems evolve
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 25
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 26
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 27
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 28
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 29
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 30
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - TECH Showcase: Collaboration, communication and cooperation are crucial for developing a successful data management strategy
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 32
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 33
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 34
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 35
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Techbits: z/OS data migration: Helping clients avoid risk and downtime
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 37
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Techbits: Ask the expert: What is Fibre Channel over IP?
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 39
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Beyond the Box: Homer Ahr reflects on working mission control for the NASA Apollo space program
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Cover3
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Cover4
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Power Systems
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - 2020 IBM Z Solutions Directory
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - CoverSD2
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD1
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD2
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD3
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD4
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - CT1
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - CT2
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD5
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD6
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD7
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD8
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD9
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD10
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD11
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD12
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD13
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD14
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD15
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD16
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD17
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD18
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD19
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD20
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD21
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD22
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD23
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD24
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD25
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD26
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD27
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD28
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD29
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD30
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD31
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD32
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD33
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD34
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD35
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD36
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD39
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD40
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD41
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD42
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD43
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD44
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD45
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD46
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD47
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD48
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD49
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD50
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD51
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD52
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD53
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD54
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD55
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - SD56
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - CoverSD3
IBM Systems magazine, IBM Z - March/April 2020 - CoverSD4
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