IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 15

technology and advanced physical
analytics to localize and quantify
methane leaks within certain applications in the oil and gas industry.
Why would we want to do
that? Well, we hear a lot of about
carbon dioxide as a greenhouse
gas, but if you look at methane
and how it traps heat in terms
of its greenhouse warming
potential, it's actually about
35x more powerful than carbon dioxide over a hundred-year
period. So methane can actually
rapidly accelerate the greenhouse
gas effect when it makes it into the
atmosphere. While there are other
significant sources of atmospheric
methane around today, including
agriculture and landfills, the oil
and gas industry is really responsible for roughly a third of the total
fugitive methane emissions into
the environment.
So with that in mind, ARPA-E,
which is part of the U.S. Department of Energy, funded a
program a few years ago challenging the technical community
to build low-cost, continuously
monitoring end-to-end systems
that can detect and localize
leaks occurring on natural gas
production well pads. By quickly
detecting and pinpointing
where they are, well pad
owner-operators can repair and
eliminate leaks, particularly
the largest ones, known in the
industry as "super-emitters,"
before they can have a significant impact.
Academic groups and government agencies have conducted a
number of estimates of the total
U.S. production of natural gas
escaping into the environment.
Some of these estimates indicate
that as much as 5 percent of the
product is actually just leaking
into the air. Not only does this
have a significant environmental
impact, but is also inefficient in
industry terms. Companies can

"Companies can leverage an
investment into new methane
monitoring technologies to help
them reduce leakage and
recover more product."
-William Green, senior manager, Photonic and
Nanoscale Systems, IBM Research

leverage an investment into new
methane monitoring technologies to help them reduce leakage
and recover more product. Being
informed about leaks in real-time
as they occur will also allow well
pad owner-operators to be more
aware of potential safety issues.
ISM: What is your team's specific role in this program?
WG: We proposed the development of an end-to-end leak
detection system to ARPA-E that
provides 24-7 autonomous and
continuous monitoring. The
system acquires methane concentration data from a network
of point sensors distributed in an
optimal way over the well pad.
Using accurate physical models
and various statistical analysis
techniques running both locally
at the sensor nodes as well as in
the cloud, this data is processed
to not only detect the presence
of a leak, but also pinpoint its
location and the leak rate. These
are important pieces of information that eventually go into a
cloud-based asset-level interface
that an end user, such as a natural gas well pad operator at an
oil and gas company, could use
to monitor all of their well pads
nationwide, understand which

$$$
Sensors that can
detect methane
already exist, but
they're not cost
effective, priced
anywhere from

$10,000
to
$125,000
per individual unit

ones are operating within limits
and learn which ones require a
repair crew to address a leak.
Of course, sensors that can
detect methane already exist.
They've been around for a long
time. But the problem is that
they aren't cost effective. They're
priced anywhere from $10,000
to $125,000 per individual unit
depending upon the specific
technology and sensitivity level.
Natural gas producers can't afford
to deploy multiple sensors like
this to conduct the spatial-location
analytics needed to discover the
source of a leak. Nor can they
afford to deploy them across about
a half-a-million active wells in the
U.S. that are producing methane
and natural gas today.
So our program target was
trying to build an end-to-end system that would include not only
all of the sensors, but could also
cap the cost of ownership and
operation over a given year to less
than $3,000. We're not there yet,
but we're developing the prototypes. In fact, we'll be deploying
sensor networks, with a couple of
field tests this and next year, at
functional well-pad sites that will
allow us to evaluate our technology and demonstrate its use. This
is one of the key ARPA-E program

ibmsystemsmag.com SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2017 // 15


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017

Table of Contents
Editor's Desk: Trusting the System
Partner PoV: A Reliable Advantage: Use z/OS resources and tools for data protection
Currents: Simplifying Offerings: The direction is to streamline product installation on the z/OS platform
R&D: Unintended Emissions: IBM uses low-cost sensors to help address climate change issues
Trends: Dedicated Support Staff: IBM Technology Support Services offers protection for business resiliency and continuity
Special Report: Security, Cost and Talent: Magazine Reader Survey reveals top concerns among mainframe users
Cover Story: Trusting the System: The new IBM z14 emphasizes security, insights and a connected ecosystem
Feature: Paradigm Shift to Encryption: Pervasive encryption is the no-compromise approach to data protection on IBM z14
Administrator: A Step Up: Java with z14 features hardware facilities for secure, high-performance transaction processing
Solutions: MegaCryption V6.4.2 for z/OS, Advanced Software Products Group Inc.; SCRTPro, Watson & Walker
Stop Run: Attuned to Business: Rocket president encourages employee coloaboration with house band
Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Mainframe
2017 Mainframe Solutions Edition
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Intro
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Cover1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Cover2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Table of Contents
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 5
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Editor's Desk: Trusting the System
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 7
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Partner PoV: A Reliable Advantage: Use z/OS resources and tools for data protection
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Currents: Simplifying Offerings: The direction is to streamline product installation on the z/OS platform
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - CT1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - CT2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 11
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - R&D: Unintended Emissions: IBM uses low-cost sensors to help address climate change issues
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 16
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 17
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Trends: Dedicated Support Staff: IBM Technology Support Services offers protection for business resiliency and continuity
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 19
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 20
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Special Report: Security, Cost and Talent: Magazine Reader Survey reveals top concerns among mainframe users
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR5
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR6
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR7
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR8
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR10
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR11
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR14
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SR16
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 37
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Cover Story: Trusting the System: The new IBM z14 emphasizes security, insights and a connected ecosystem
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 39
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 40
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 41
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 42
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 43
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Feature: Paradigm Shift to Encryption: Pervasive encryption is the no-compromise approach to data protection on IBM z14
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 45
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 46
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 47
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 48
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 49
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 50
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Administrator: A Step Up: Java with z14 features hardware facilities for secure, high-performance transaction processing
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 52
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 53
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 54
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Solutions: MegaCryption V6.4.2 for z/OS, Advanced Software Products Group Inc.; SCRTPro, Watson & Walker
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Stop Run: Attuned to Business: Rocket president encourages employee coloaboration with house band
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Cover3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Cover4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Mainframe
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - 2017 Mainframe Solutions Edition
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SE2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - September/October 2017 - SE3
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