IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 16

R&D

Dr. Costas Bekas of IBM Research-Zurich
writes a breakthrough mathematical
algorithm that reduces the computational
complexity, costs and energy usage for
analyzing the quality of massive amounts of
data by two orders of magnitude.

PHOTOGRAPH BY MICHAEL LOWRY

It makes possible the unprecedented
detail in simulation for the human vertebrae
specimen shown below.

BREAKING Research
IBM Research is working to better diagnose osteoporosis-and make computing
more economical
steoporosis impacts a third of women and a fifth of men over the age of 50,
according to the International Osteoporosis Society. It can lead to chronic
pain, bone fractures, ongoing disabilities and even death in the case of
older individuals.

O

Jim Utsler
is a senior writer
for IBM Systems
Magazine and has
been covering
technology for
more than
20 years.

Unfortunately, diagnosing the
disease is somewhat hit or miss,
with doctors not knowing with
certainty whether a person is
prone to it. In fact, it may take
a fracture before it's correctly
diagnosed and treated.
With that in mind, researchers
from the Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology in Zurich (ETH Zurich)
approached IBM Research-Zurich
about finding a way to more
quickly and accurately detect and
respond to osteoporosis before
it becomes critical. Together,

16 // MAY/JUNE 2015 ibmsystemsmag.com

they discovered that not only is
this feasible, but the technology
involved in this work can be
applied to other disciplines-and
can lead to further advances in
computing in general, as Costas
Bekas, manager of the Foundations of Cognitive Computing
group at IBM Research, explains.
Q. What are some of the issues
currently curtailing proper
osteoporosis diagnoses?
A. Doctors might try to diagnose
osteoporosis using CT scans or

maybe X-rays, but those are of
limited value because they're
showing the current status and
are not predictive. A fracture
might have to take place before a
diagnosis can be made.
Q. Why would computer
modeling be more efficient?
A. Think of the following situation:
You go to a clinic and the doctors
are essentially estimating the
average density of the bone.
Depending on where the bone is
dense and where the bone is not


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IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015

Table of Contents
IBM Perspective: A mainframe built for Generation Z
Editor's Desk: Optimistic future
Partner PoV: Now is the time for multifactor authentication
Infographic: Myths, exaggerations and uncomfortable truths
Currents: TCO for an IBM z13 cloud is lower than an x86 or public cloud, according to an IBM study
R&D: IBM Research is working to better diagnose osteoporosis -- and make computing more economical
Cover Story: Mastering the Mainframe: IBM contest connects millennials to the mainframe and potential employers
Feature: The Millennial Career Guidebook: Six groups and resources to help mainframers starting their careers
Feature: Mainframe Within Reach: IBM provides a rich set of solutions designed to help new mainframe programmers
Tech Showcase: IBM X-Force report reveals challenges and strategies to succeed in the new computing environment
Tech Corner: New IBM z13 chip improves throughput and analytics performance
Solutions: ReACT V4.0; Ivory Service Architect V4.6
Stop Run: Running and fencing keep IBMer active
Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Mainframe
2015 Mainframe Solutions Edition Product Index
Linux on z E-book
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Intro
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Cover1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Cover2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Table of Contents
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - IBM Perspective: A mainframe built for Generation Z
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Editor's Desk: Optimistic future
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 7
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Partner PoV: Now is the time for multifactor authentication
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Infographic: Myths, exaggerations and uncomfortable truths
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Currents: TCO for an IBM z13 cloud is lower than an x86 or public cloud, according to an IBM study
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 14
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - R&D: IBM Research is working to better diagnose osteoporosis -- and make computing more economical
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 17
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 18
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 19
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Cover Story: Mastering the Mainframe: IBM contest connects millennials to the mainframe and potential employers
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 21
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 22
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 23
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Feature: The Millennial Career Guidebook: Six groups and resources to help mainframers starting their careers
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 25
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 26
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 27
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 28
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 29
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Feature: Mainframe Within Reach: IBM provides a rich set of solutions designed to help new mainframe programmers
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 31
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 32
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Tech Showcase: IBM X-Force report reveals challenges and strategies to succeed in the new computing environment
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 34
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 35
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 36
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 37
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 38
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 39
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 40
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 41
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Tech Corner: New IBM z13 chip improves throughput and analytics performance
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 43
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 44
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 45
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 46
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Solutions: ReACT V4.0; Ivory Service Architect V4.6
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Stop Run: Running and fencing keep IBMer active
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Cover3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Cover4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Mainframe
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - RF2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - Linux on z E-book
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L5
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L6
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L7
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L8
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L10
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L11
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L14
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L16
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L17
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L18
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L19
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L20
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - L21
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - 2015 Mainframe Solutions Edition Product Index
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - SE2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - SE3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - SE4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe - May/June 2015 - SE5
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