IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 31

technology provides smaller, faster transistors that operate at lower voltages. Leveraging these technology benefits, chip architects integrated six processor cores (two more than z196) and 48 MB of on-chip L3 caches (twice that of z196) into each microprocessor chip. By deploying various design optimizations, such as replacing high-power devices with low-power ones in non-critical areas and selectively disabling unneeded clocking and switching of circuits, the zEC12 processor cores consume less power but run at an even faster frequency of 5.5 GHz. The resulting microprocessor chip incorporates nearly 2.75 billion transistors, almost twice as many as the z196 microprocessor chip, with a

die size increase of only 20 percent. The system cache (SC) hub chip uses the same process to pack 192 MB of embedded DRAM cache next to the logic needed to connect six processor chips to each other and to the processors on up to three other processor “books.” Two of these SC chips form 384 MB L4 caches for each book. The L2 cache for each processor core was redesigned to provide more capacity and more access bandwidth while reducing access latency. The new design uses separate L2 caches for instructions and operands, each with a 1 MB capacity, compared with a single 1.5 MB L2 cache in the z196. By integrating the L2 caches more tightly with the L1 caches, the L2 cache access latencies were reduced

by as much as 45 percent with a minimum latency of six cycles. All together, a zEC12 system containing four books—each with six microprocessor chips and two hub chips—has an aggregate of 1.5 GB of L4 caches and more than 1 GB of L3 caches. Backed by this unprecedented cache amount, with each level’s relatively low latency access, the computing system is now ready to achieve its best performance on any workload.

Microprocessor Design Improvements The microprocessor architects didn’t settle for just having the fastest operating frequency and the best cache subsystem; they dug deep into their out-of-order design and found numerous enhancements to further

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NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2012

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IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012

IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012
Table of Contents
Editor's Desk: Been There, Done That
IBM Perspective: Not All Clouds Are Designed Equal
Insider: What's Really Driving Peak CPU Usage?
Focus on Storage: The DS8870 Provides up to Three Times the Performance of Its Predecessor
Case Study: A Capital Investment: DTCC implements tools to ensure its networking infrastructure is ready for anything
Cover Story: A Clear Vision for Cloud: System z GM Doug Balog on why zEnterprise provides a firm foundation for a secure cloud
Feature: Overcoming Cloud Obstacles: The benefits far outweigh the challenges associated with cloud integration
Tech Corner: From Silicon to Architecture, zEC12 Innovations Push the Envelope
Administrator: IBM zAware Extends z/OS Resilience to Another Level
Solutions: Attach Facility; DataSniff; AutoPilot; Eclipse; Correlog Enterprise Server 5.1
Advertisers Index
Stop Run: IBM Distinguished Engineer Joe Temple Reflects on His Juggling Past
Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Power Systems
Smarter Computing
2013 Mainframe Buyer's Guide Index
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Intro
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Cover2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Table of Contents
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 5
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Editor's Desk: Been There, Done That
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - IBM Perspective: Not All Clouds Are Designed Equal
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Insider: What's Really Driving Peak CPU Usage?
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - BB1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - BB2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 10
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Focus on Storage: The DS8870 Provides up to Three Times the Performance of Its Predecessor
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Case Study: A Capital Investment: DTCC implements tools to ensure its networking infrastructure is ready for anything
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 16
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 17
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 18
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 19
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Cover Story: A Clear Vision for Cloud: System z GM Doug Balog on why zEnterprise provides a firm foundation for a secure cloud
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 21
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 22
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 23
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 24
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 25
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Feature: Overcoming Cloud Obstacles: The benefits far outweigh the challenges associated with cloud integration
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 27
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 28
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 29
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Tech Corner: From Silicon to Architecture, zEC12 Innovations Push the Envelope
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 31
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 32
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 33
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Administrator: IBM zAware Extends z/OS Resilience to Another Level
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 35
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 36
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 37
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Solutions: Attach Facility; DataSniff; AutoPilot; Eclipse; Correlog Enterprise Server 5.1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Advertisers Index
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Stop Run: IBM Distinguished Engineer Joe Temple Reflects on His Juggling Past
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Cover3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Cover4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Reference Point - Global Events, Education, Resources for Power Systems
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - RF2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - Smarter Computing
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - SC2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S1
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S5
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S6
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S7
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S8
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S9
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S10
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S11
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S12
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S13
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S14
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S15
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S16
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S17
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S18
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S19
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S20
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S21
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S22
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S23
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - S24
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - SC3
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - SC4
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - 2013 Mainframe Buyer's Guide Index
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - BG2
IBM Systems Magazine, Mainframe Edition - November/December 2012 - BG3
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